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Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas and is responsible for controlling the level of sugar or glucose in your blood. When we eat foods containing carbohydrates they are converted into glucose in the blood. Insulin works to transfer the glucose from the blood into the muscle cells and liver for energy. It also works to manage blood sugar levels, working alongside Glucagon which is another hormone produced by the pancreas that also controls the level of glucose in the blood.
How Does Natural Insulin Work?
Both hormones are secreted into the bloodstream to regulate your blood sugar. Glucagon prevents your blood sugars from falling too low whilst Insulin prevents blood sugar rising too high.
The beta cells of the pancreatic islets produce insulin to be released when consuming food. When the blood glucose levels rise from the food consumed insulin works to lower it back down to homeostasis. It stimulates the uptake of glucose into your cells, acting as a key to open the locked cell to allow the sugar access. Glucose can be utilised immediately by the liver and muscles for energy or if not needed, will be stored as glycogen for later use.
When your natural insulin levels are raised too often you can develop what’s called insulin resistance.
What Is Insulin Resistance?
Insulin resistance refers to when the body stops responding to insulin properly. The cells stop opening up from the insulin and don’t receive nutrients from the glucose, so the body’s response is to produce more insulin. There is a limit to how much insulin can be produced however and eventually the cells responsible for producing insulin will wear down.
This causes blood glucose levels to rise which is known as hyperglycaemia. Having insulin resistance causes you to become pre-diabetic. If insulin resistance isn’t treated it may lead to the development of Type II Diabetes or metabolic syndrome.
What Is Pre-diabetes?
Pre-diabetes refers to the state in which blood glucose levels increased, but not yet high enough to be diagnosed of Type II Diabetes. Pre-diabetic people have impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose.
Impaired glucose tolerance
The term used when blood sugar levels are higher than average. This is usually when there is not enough insulin being produced to open the cells to absorb sugar.
Impaired fasting glucose
The term used when blood glucose levels are high after a period of not eating. This happens when the liver releases too much glucose into the bloodstream while fasting because of the natural insulin being resisted.
Pre-diabetes may develop into Type II Diabetes if not careful. The chances of this occurring are increased in overweight or sedentary people. You can reduce this risk simply by exercising daily, being more active, eating healthier and incorporating intermittent fasting into your daily routine.
Natural Insulin and Diabetes
Diabetes is a condition when there is too much glucose in the bloodstream, caused either from the pancreas being unable to produce enough natural insulin (Type 1 diabetes) or from insulin resistance (pre-diabetes and Type II Diabetes). Diabetes can also be developed during pregnancy. This is known as gestational diabetes.
Balancing Blood Glucose Levels
Type 1 Diabetics must take synthetic insulin daily in order to control blood glucose levels. This is because their bodies are unable to produce enough or any natural insulin at all. This is usually injected using a needle and syringe or insulin pen.
Type 2 Diabetics can manage blood sugar levels by eating a balanced healthy diet and sufficient exercise. It is common for a Type 2 diabetic to use medication such as metformin, however it is possible to completely cure Type 2 diabetes following a fasting protocol such as intermittent fasting or every other day fasting (EoDF).
Pre-diabetics can balance their blood sugar levels and completely cure themselves by eating proper nutrition, daily exercise and using intermittent fasting to cure their natural insulin resistance.
Healthy Eating Tips to Balance Natural Insulin Levels
Eat at least 5 serves consuming more green vegetables such as spinach, broccoli and kale.
Eat wholegrain foods with high fibre such as multigrain bread, oats or barley. Avoid white breads.
Eat low GI, avoid high GI
Low GI (glycaemic index) foods take longer to digest and require less insulin. They will have a much smaller impact on blood sugar levels than high GI.
Eat less saturated fats
Avoid processed sweets, fried foods, butter, lard, cream and go for lean meats
Adopt an eating plan around fasting such as Intermittent Fasting to lower blood glucose levels and fix your natural insulin resistance.