5 AMAZING FACTS ABOUT LONDON
How long has London been the capital of England? Well for about 2000 years! In that time there has been lots of changes to this amazing city. Here are some of the amazing facts that have occurred during that time.
- 1.Once the largest city in the world, Before 1957, London city was the largest city in the world. Also the first to reach the population of 1 million in 1811.
- 2. Big Ben is a very famous British landmark built in 1858 and took 34 years to build. Big Ben is actually the giant bell in the clock tower. The name came from Londoners who nicknamed it "Big Ben". Big Ben is 2.28 metres tall (7 feet six inches) and 2.75 metres wide (9 feet). He's wider than he is tall!
- 3. The Great Plague of London The Great Plague killed an estimated 200,000 people, almost a quarter of London's population it lasted a year from 1665-1666 in the main but it is thought that the last recorded death actually occurred in 1679. Thought to have been spread from the Netherlands on trading ships around this time when Amsterdam had the disease the year before where 50000 were killed. In the parish of Aldgate, a great hole was dug near the churchyard, fifty feet long and twenty feet wide. When there was no room for further extension it was dug deeper until ground water was reached at twenty feet. In the end it held 1,114 corpses! The aftermath of 1666 trade recommenced and businesses and workshops opened up. London was the goal of a new wave of people who came to the city in expectation of making their fortunes. It took a couple of years for the population to get back to around 5 million. Rebuilding took over 10 years the capital rejuvenated, it became a healthier environment in which to live. Londoners had a greater sense of community after they had overcome the great adversities of 1665 and 1666.
[caption id="" align="alignnone" width="150"] The Great Fire Monument[/caption]
- 4.The Great Fire of London After the long hot summer of 1666, a fire broke out at Thomas Farriner's bakery in Pudding Lane after midnight on Sunday 2 September. During the days that followed , the flames began to move eastward from the neighbourhood of Pudding Lane, straight against the prevailing east wind towards the Tower of London with its gunpowder stores. After waiting for official firemen, who were busy in the west, the garrison at the Tower took matters into their own hands and created firebreaks by blowing up houses in the vicinity on a large scale, halting the advance of the fire. By the 5th September the garrisons actions and the wind easing finally brought the fire to a halt. Amazingly Only a few deaths from the fire are officially recorded, only believed to be about 8! King Charles' had the initiative to build a Monument to the Great Fire of London. Designed by Christopher Wren and Robert Hook it was erected near Pudding Lane. Standing 61 metres (200 ft) tall and known simply as "The Monument". A popular London landmark. It is thought that The Great Plague of 1665 epidemic as plague epidemics did not recur in London after the fire, that the fire saved lives in the long run by burning down so much unsanitary housing with their rats and their fleas which transmitted the plague.
5. London has the most billionaires in the world. The number of billionaires in the UK has grown with an all-time high of 120 with a combined wealth of £344bn! With property magnets David and Simon Reuben topping the list below.
Top five billionaires in Britain
1. David and Simon Reuben £13.1bn
2. Siri and Gopi Hinduja £13bn
3. Len Blavatnik £11.59bn
4. Galen and George Weston and family £11bn
5. Ernesto and Kirsty Bertarelli £9.78bn
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